What is change management?

| 2023-01-14 | Change Management Agile |
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If you want truly to understand something, try to change it.

Change management refers to the process of identifying, planning, and implementing changes in an organisation. It is a systematic approach to dealing with the transition or transformation of an organisation’s goals, processes, or technologies. It includes methods for preparing, supporting, and helping individuals, teams, and organisations make changes that will add value to the business. It involves communication, training, and support to help employees adapt to new ways of working and to minimize resistance to change. Change management can be applied to various areas of an organisation such as IT, HR, and operations.

When do you need change management?

There are several signs that may indicate the need for change management within an organisation

  • Stagnation or decline in performance: If an organisation’s performance has plateaued or is declining, it may be a sign that changes are needed to improve efficiency, productivity, or competitiveness.
  • Increasing competition: As competition increases, organisations may need to change their strategies and processes to remain competitive.
  • New regulations or technologies: Changes in regulations or the introduction of new technologies can also necessitate changes in an organisation’s processes or systems.
  • Mergers and acquisitions: Mergers and acquisitions often require significant changes in organisational structure, processes, and systems to integrate the two entities.
  • Employee resistance: If employees are resistant to changes, it may be a sign that they do not understand the rationale behind the changes or that they do not feel that their concerns are being heard.
  • High turnover rate: High turnover rate can be a sign of employees dissatisfaction, lack of engagement and, motivation, which can be a sign of the need for change.
  • Employee resistance: If employees are resistant to changes, it may be a sign that they do not understand the rationale behind the changes or that they do not feel that their concerns are being heard.

It is important to note that change is a natural part of any organisation and change management should be done in a continuous process.

What are well-known change management approaches?

There are several well-known change management methodologies that organisations can use to plan and implement changes, including:

Lewin’s Change Management Model: Developed by Kurt Lewin, this model is a three-step process that includes unfreezing, changing, and refreezing. The unfreezing step involves creating a sense of urgency and preparing people for change. The changing step involves implementing the change, and the refreezing step involves stabilizing the new state and making it the new norm.

  • ADKAR: Developed by Prosci, this model is a five-step process that includes awareness, desire, knowledge, ability, and reinforcement. The ADKAR model focuses on the individual level of change and helps organisations understand the impact of change on people and how to support them through the process.
  • Kotter’s 8-Step Change Model: Developed by John Kotter, this model is an eight-step process that includes creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful coalition, creating a vision and strategy, communicating the change vision, empowering others to act on the vision, creating short-term wins, consolidating gains and producing more change, and anchor new approaches in the company’s culture.
  • McKinsey 7-S Model: Developed by McKinsey, this model focuses on aligning seven elements of an organisation: strategy, structure, systems, skills, style, staff, and shared values. It emphasizes that for change to be effective, all these elements need to be aligned and in agreement with one another.
  • Action Research Model: This model is a cyclical process that includes planning, taking action, observing the results, and reflecting on the process. It is often used in situations where the change is complex, and the outcome is uncertain.

These are some of the well-known change management methodologies, but there are many other models and frameworks available. The most important thing is to choose the methodology that best suits the organisation’s needs and culture.

Relevant tags:

#Introduction #ADKAR
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Stephan Huez

Stephan is the founder of Kollint. He grew as a leader the hard way and shares his experience with our clients.

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